Chhattisgarh women adorn their dresses and apparel elaborately. They believe that without it, their outfit is completed. A frequent adornment is the usage of Bandha, a type of necklace composed of coins.
The women also wear the traditional accessories listed below:
Traditional Jewellery of Chattisgarh For Women :
A type of silver that is worn on the forearm alongside Patta.
2. Choora (bangles) and Kardhani:
A silver belt-like device is worn around the waist. A choora (or chura; plural chooriyan) is a set of bangles customarily worn by a bride on her wedding day and for several days afterward, particularly in Punjabi weddings. Women in tribal societies wear this anklet. They are made of silver with basic designs.
A ring is worn on the upper arm.
A traditional ring worn on the toe that represents marriage. Only married women wear bichiya on their toes. Bichiya is not particularly popular among native women.
For the thumb, use Angushthana, and for the little finger, use Chingh Mundri. These are rings for the fingers that will used at the wedding ceremony. Chingh Mundri is for the little finger and Angushthana is for the thumb. This pendant is particularly popular among the women of the Sahu and Devangan clans.
In India, men and women wear a thick metal ring or bracelet on their hands or wrists. It is a holy bracelet worn by Sikhs and some Hindus. The kada, which mostly made of iron, has several design styles, and typically used to honor a religious person.
An armlet worn on the biceps, primarily a distinctive element of bridal jewelry popular throughout Maharashtra and even South India.
It’s a necklace made up of three chains or strings.
9. Kanthi Mala
A kanthi mala, also known as a kanthi, is a necklace worn by some Hindus.
The word literally translates to “bell” or “bowl,” and it is named after the silhouette’s most prominent feature. Jhumka earrings are now a fixture of the festive and wedding season wardrobes.
This is the most popular nose jewelry among Chhattisgarh ladies, particularly in Bastar.
The peri adornment was worn by rural, including tribal, women on their legs, mainly around the ankles.
Another type of anklet worn by married ladies of the Gond, Binjhwar, Vaishya, Sahu, and Brahmin clans is the Santi (sati). It is secured with a screw. Sati is made of silver or gilat and ranges in weight from 50 gm to 500 gm.
Pejeb or Paijeb is an anklet decoration worn exclusively by married Satnami women in Chhattisgarh. It is constructed of silver or gilat and fastened with a screw or clip. A girl has given a pyjab when she marries. There are numerous designs. A few goldsmiths make this item, but most of the supply originates from elsewhere. It measures nine inches in length and weighs between 100 and 300 grams.
A sort of anklet used by women that is secured with a screw. The materials utilized are gilat and silver. Lacchas are eight to ten inches long and weigh 100 mg to 500 gm. They are made by cutting, bending, soldering, and dying. In Lachha, there are numerous designs, the most prominent of which is wirework.
16. Paijan, Tora, and Kara
These are unique anklets available in gilat and silver. They are hollow and utilized by both mothers and toddlers.
A modern-day anklet is worn by ladies in the countryside or city. A payal can weigh up to 600 grams and is available in silver or gilat and created with a die.
18. Anwat, Arsijor
These are toe rings. They are popular among the Baiga Agaria women and are available in brass, copper, silver, and gilat.
Another traditional hollow anklet worn by Agaria and Raut women in the region is the Kathal. It is usually constructed of silver and only very rarely of gilat. The weight ranges from 160 to 1000 grammes. The term comes from the fact that it is a hollow pipe with flat spikes, like a jackfruit (kathal).
The kardhan is an ornament worn by women from practically all tribes and castes in Chhattisgarh, but particularly by Satnami’s. It is a waist belt with a clasp that is worn to reduce the flabbiness of a young mother’s tummy after birth.
21. Kamar Patta
This is a waist decoration used by women of all castes. It’s hollow and composed of silver and gilat.
This is a popular traditional women’s finger jewelry. It formed of wires and covers the entire hand as well as all five fingers.
Kara is another bangle-like wrist adornment that widely worn across communities.
This is a bangle-like decoration worn on the wrist by married women in Chhattisgarh’s rural and tribal groups. It crafted from silver, gilat, and brass. The size ranges from 1.5 to 2 inches, and the weight ranges from 20 gm to 200 gm. It manufactured from a single sheet of material.
25. Banoriya (Kantawali)
Originally from Odisha, this is a traditional wrist decoration with spikes designed for self-defense and the safety of women. The banoriya is popular among Chhattisgarh ladies, particularly the Agarias. They are made of silver or gilat and weigh between 100 and 300 grammes.
A kakni is a form of wrist jewelry. The kakni wore by almost all rural and indigenous women. It constructed of gilat and silver. The maximum allowed weight is 150 grammes. Tinkatia, panchkatia, and more designs are available.
A churi is a type of bangle that is worn by women. It is fashioned of silver or gilat and worn at festivals. Weight fluctuates and can reach 250 gm.
A basic kara-style bracelet made of silver sheet for widows.
29. Chain Kara
A chain kara is a form of wrist bracelet composed of silver or gilat. Weights range from 50 to 200 grammes.
The Nagmori is a tribal women’s armlet that is especially popular among the Gond, Agaria, and Raut communities. The Nagmori has a serpent’s visage and is fashioned of silver or gilat. A Nagmori can weigh between 200 and 1000 grammes. It is made with a die and wires.
31. Bahuti, Bahuta
These are the traditional arm decorations worn by ladies in Chhattisgarh. They made of silver or gilat.
In recent years, the necklace has grown increasingly popular in rural communities. It made of gold or silver and worn by the upper castes. A necklace’s weight might range from 10 gm to 60 gm, depending on your budget. The die and embossing methods were employed.
In recent years, the neck choker style of premade adornment has grown highly popular among Bastar’s rural populations. A sanpsirhi can weigh between 10 and 60 grammes. The die and embossing methods were employed.
34. Champakali, Charphokla
These are the Kanwar tribals’ traditional jewelry. Women who cannot afford dulri or tilri (discussed further below) purchase champakali or charphokla. These are partially constructed of silver and gold.
35. Tilri, Dulri, Kantha
These are typical neck jewelry worn by Chhattisgarh tribal women. They are constructed of gold, brass, and occasionally copper. Lacquer beads that resemble amla (Indian gooseberry) seeds were also utilized. Tilris, dulris, and kanthas have been supplanted by modern necklaces.
36. Husli, Sutia
These are indigenous women’s traditional neck decorations. They range in weight from 20 to 50 tola (a tola is slightly more than 11 grams) and are made of silver or gilat. The husli is made of pipes.
This is a child’s neck ornament designed to keep the neck straight. The gotla, which is made of silver, is popular among the Yadava and Sahu communities.
38. Dhar, Khinwa, and Karanphul
These are ear toppers and earrings that are popular among all tribes and castes. They come in both silver and gilat. The sarangaria pattern is used on the Karanphul, whereas the khinwa and Dhar encompass the entire ear.
39. Latkan, Tops, and Jhumka
These are ear ornaments worn only by the upper classes in rural villages. These ear ornaments are available in a variety of styles and range in weight from 3 to 12 gm.
These are hair clips that are popular among rural and tribal women in Chhattisgarh.
41. Choti (Jhabli)
Wealthy rural women use choti. It is typically 14 inches in length and constructed of silver and gilat. It ranges in weight from 30 to 70 grams. The choti is made with die and print and comes in a variety of designs such as floral motifs, peacocks, chain, cross, and so on.
Simple chotis are manufactured by local artists, while minakari chotis are imported from Rajkot, Surat, and Cuttack. The Thakurs wore Jhabli as a hair decoration.
Traditional Jewellery of Chattisgarh For Men :
Not only do women enjoy dressing and accessorizing their clothes, but guys are also interested in numerous types of adornment.
Chhattisgarh Tribal Jewelry:
Tribal men and women use a variety of jewelry for weddings and festivities.
Women’s decorative items include the Banda (coin necklace), the Suta (silver necklace), a Phule for the nose, Bali and Kunti for the ears, Ainthi (silver worn on the forearm), Kardhini (a silver belt for the waist), a ring for the upper arm or the Pounchhi, Bicchiya for the toes, and Patta or Choora bangles.
During dances, men typically wear Koundhi, a beaded necklace, and a bracelet called Kadhah. Cowries, beads, shells, feathers, and bones are some of the additional things used by tribal communities to decorate themselves. Humans have had a passion for decoration since time immemorial.
Most of the traditional jewelry, particularly those made of bronze, is now rarely used in Chhattisgarh. Ghadwa metal casters were used to make a variety of bronze jewelry, like penjna and Perri, in the Bastar region. These are still created on-demand in Contagion, Barkai, and Jagdalpur. Champa and Ratanpur in Bilaspur District, Dhamda in Durg, and Aring village in Raigar were the major hubs to produce this jewelry.
Yet, in a place like Champa, which used to be home to hundreds of jeweler families, one had to look hard to find even one bronze bracelet. Even finding artists who manufacture jewelry is difficult. Kardhan, phully, painjna, bidhu, Tora, and maldar are examples of antique jewelry.
Silver is still used in some traditional ornaments. Ornaments with fresh designs are manufactured in regions like Bilaspur, Champa, and Mungeli. Weekly marketplaces are where you’ll find gilat polished jewelry.