Traditional Dress of Jharkhand

Jharkhand means “Bushland” i.e “The land of the forest” is a state in eastern India. Due to some reasons, Jharkhand was born as a new state. Jharkhand which came into being on 15th November 2000 as the 28th State of the Union is the homeland of the tribals who had dreamed of a state for a long time.

Keep reading if you wish to read more about the cultural traditions and festivals of Jharkhand. This guide tells you about the “Land of forest” state of India.

Traditional Dress of Jharkhand For Women

Traditional Dress of Jharkhand For Women
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The Clothing of Jharkhand depicts the nature, culture, style, and simplicity of its people.

1. Saree and Blouse:

Generally, the traditional customs for women in Jharkhand are sari and blouse. In Jharkhand, the Tussar silk saris are very famous and they seem unique look.

2. Parthan & Panchi:

Tribal population is very much more in Jharkhand and they wear Parthan and Panchi costumes.

Jharkhand’s traditional costumes indicate the state’s culture, nature, and the simplicity of the people.

The people in Jharkhand follow utmost tradition and culture.

But at present women in Jharkhand prefer to wear fashionable costumes. In Jharkhand, the women are influencing to the changes in fashion of the society.

Traditional Dress of Jharkhand For Men

Traditional Dress of Jharkhand For Men
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1. Santhals and Pahari’s

Santhal Pargana is one of the main tribes of Jharkhand where men wear Santhals and Pahari’s to give them a unique look. They also wear the traditional dress of jharkhand like kurta-pajama and Dhoti and also shirts and trousers. During festivals and special occasions, men wear sherwani and pricy kurta pajama.

2. Bhagwan:

Men put on a single piece of cloth known as Bhagwan.

Jharkhand Tribal Costumes

1. Munda

Munda dress is very simple. Men ordinarily wear nothing more than a cotton loincloth with colored borders known as botoi. Young men place a belt of silk or played thread around the waist.

2. Oraon

The individuals of the Oraon tribe not only inhabit the domain of Jharkhand but a handful have also successfully fanned out into many economically and technologically sound cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai as educated as well as well-employed employees. The individuals belonging to the Oraon tribe also like to have a grandeur lifestyle.

3. Santhal Paragana:

Santhal Pargana is one of the main tribes of Jharkhand where men wear Santhals and Pahari’s to give them a unique look. They also wear the traditional dress of India like kurta-pajama and Dhoti and also shirts and trousers. During festivals and special occasions, men wear sherwani and pricy kurta pajama.

Bridal Dress of Jharkhand

Bridal Dress of Jharkhand
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Weddings in Jharkhand are simplistic. Jharkhand is known for its finest quality of silk in India. Traditionally, saris have been used by the bride for weddings. Vibrant hues used for women’s attire beautifully. At times, even bides prefer white for the wedding, with beautifully blended borders on saris in bright tones like red and green.

Jharkhand Bridegroom Dress

Jharkhand Bridegroom Dress
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Men, on the other hand, wear only a single piece of cloth for their wedding. On the other hand, non-tribals wear attractive-looking Kurtas with embroidery for the wedding.

Cultural Activities of Jharkhand

Traditional folk music, instruments and dances are the norms. Some of the popular dance forms are Chhau and Santhal, which are group dances performed by Santhal tribes.

Jharkhand has been influenced by Buddhism, Jainism, the Mughals, and Hindu Kings. The popular customs include local varieties such as Arsa, Dhuska, Chhilka, among others. Due to its thick foliage, local people have made use of bamboo and wood to create craftworks like baskets, hunting and fishing equipment, rice huskers, etc.

In addition, a variety of handiworks bearing tribal motifs like wood inlay boxes, combs, carved door panels, bowl-shaped umbrellas, trial theme toys, and carvings, plus ancient bird-woman figurines are available in the local bazaars.

Festivals of Jharkhand

Festivals of Jharkhand
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1. Sarhul Festival:

Tribal groups gather in Jharkhand during the Sarhul festival and perform a procession. Sarhul is celebrated during spring season and the Saal trees get new flowers on its branches. It is a worship of village deity, considered to be the protector of the tribes. People sing and dance when the new flowers seem to appear.

2. Karam Festival

Karma is another dance form performed during the Karma festival in the month of August. The Karam festival is worship of Karam devata, the god of power, youth, and youthfulness. Karam is held on the 11th of the moon in Bhadra month. A Group of young villagers go to the jungle, and collect wood, fruits and flowers.

3. Jawa festival

At the same time, the unmarried tribal women celebrate the Jawa festival, which has its kind of song and dance. This is held especially for good fertility and better household. The unmarried girls decorate a small basket with germinating seeds in it. It is believed that the worship of good germination of the grains would increase fertility.

Read more about the traditional dress of Karnataka here…